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Diplomarbeiten zu vergeben (pdf, 28 kB)

Die unten aufgelisteten vorwiegend wissenschaftlichen Publikationen ergeben ein uneinheitliches Bild. Einige Forscher bestätigen, dass Schnell-Lesen funktioniert (z.B. Brown et al., 1981; Cranney et al., 1982; McLaughlin, 1969; Schale, 1969; Stevens & Orem, 1963), andere behaupten das Gegenteil (Homa, 1983: "It was concluded that the only extraordinary talent exhibited by the two speed-readers was their extraordinary rate of page-turning"; Carver 1971/1990: "Speed reading is 95% nonsense and 5% sense").

Bei genauer Betrachtung der Veröffentlichungen zeigt sich, dass fast allen Forschern der Unterschied zwischen rein optischem Schnell-Lesen und herkömmlichem Schnell-Lesen gar nicht bewusst ist. Wenn unter den Versuchspersonen zufällig rein optische Schnell-Leser dabei waren, lautete das Ergebnis meistens "Schnell-Lesen funktioniert", ansonsten lautete das Ergebnis meistens "Schnell-Lesen ist nichts anderes als Skimming", also überfliegendes Lesen mit nur minimalem Textverständnis.

Unglücklicherweise hatte gerade ein besonders einflussreicher Forscher wie Carver unter seinen Versuchspersonen bestenfalls einmal einen rein optischen Schnell-Leser (Testperson "SPEED-3,700" in Carver, 1985). Diese Testperson ist ihm tatsächlich aufgefallen: "It seems undeniable that SPEED-3,700 could write an excellent summary of a book, even when given a very short period of time to look at the book. If there were evidence that she or he could also recall a great many of the details of the book, this would constitute striking evidence for the existence of a truly super reader." Dieser Einzelfall konnte ihn aber nicht von der Existenz des Schnell-Lese-Effekts überzeugen.

Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen einer ganzen Gruppe rein optischer Schnell-Leser, mit Versuchsbedingungen, die es den Testpersonen erlauben, mit ihrer eingespielten Schnell-Lese-Technik zu lesen, gibt es noch viel zu wenige (beispielsweise Brown et al., 1981; Cranney et al., 1982; Schale, 1969; Radach et al., 2015). Unter praktischen Gesichtspunkten, z.B. aus dem Blickwinkel eines Schnell-Lese-Trainers, ist Stevens und Orem (1963) eine der wichtigsten Publikationen. In dieser Publikation ist viel Erfahrungswissen über die Gemeinsamkeiten rein optischer Schnell-Leser zu finden.

Den derzeitigen Kenntnisstand zum Schnell-Lesen stellt das Buch Grundlagen des Schnell-Lesens (Rösler, 2016) vor, das die meisten der unten aufgeführten Publikationen, sowie etwa 50 Ratgeberbücher und die experimentellen Daten von ungefähr 40 Trainingsteilnehmern berücksichtigt. Das Buch versucht, die Ergebnisse wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen mit dem Erfahrungswissen in Einklang zu bringen.

Grundlagen des Schnell-Lesens

Publikationen mit direktem Bezug zu Schnell-Lesen:

  • Abell, A. M. (1894). Rapid reading: Advantages and methods. Educational Review, 8, 283–286. Original-Link
  • Alexander, J. C. (1967). Evelyn Wood: The Evolution of an Idea. Harvard Crimson, April 27, 1967. Original-Link
  • Alexander, J. C. (1967). Evelyn's Game: Any Number Can Play, April 28, 1967. Original-Link
  • Alexander, J. C. (1967). Evelyn Wood: Most Just Waste The Money. Harvard Crimson, May 3, 1967. Original-Link
  • Baker, I. (1966). The Place of Speed Reading in High School and College Reading Programs. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 7, pp. 109-111. Abstract, Ketcham1966.pdf pp. 109-111 (pdf 114-116)
  • Berger, A. (1968). Speed Reading--Is the Present Emphasis Desirable. ED020087. Abstract, pdf
  • Berger, A. (1968). Developing College Reading Services. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 9, pp. 119-123. Abstract, Ketcham1968.pdf pp. 119-123 (pdf 126-130)
  • Berger, A. (1970). Speed Reading, An Annotated Bibliography. ED074481. Abstract, pdf
  • Berger, A. (1972). Speed Reading Through a Glass Darkly. ED065835. Abstract, pdf
  • Brown, B. L., Inouye, D. K., Barrus, K. B., & Hansen, D. M. (1981). An Analysis of the Rapid Reading Controversy. In J. R. Edwards (Ed.), The Social Psychology of Reading. Language and Literacy Monograph Series. Silver Spring: Institute of Modern Languages.
  • Brozo, W. G. & Johns, J. L. (1986). A content and critical analysis of forty speed-reading books. College Reading and Learning Assistance Technical Report 86-04. Abstract, pdf
  • Calef, T.; Pieper, M.; Coffey, B. (1999). Comparisons of eye movements before and after a speed-reading course. Journal of the American Optometric Association, Vol 70(3), Mar 1999. pp. 171-181.
  • Carver, R.P. (1984). Rauding Theory Predictions of Amount Comprehended Under Different Purposes and Speed Reading Conditions. Reading Research Quarterly, 19(2), 205-218. Abstract
  • Carver, R.P. (1985). How good are some of the world's best readers? Reading Research Quarterly, 20, 389-419. Abstract
  • Carver, R.P. (1987). Teaching Rapid Reading in the Intermediate Grades: Helpful or Harmful? Reading Research and Instruction, 26(2), 65-76.
  • Carver, R.P. (1990). Reading rate: a review of research and theory. San Diego, California: Academic Press.
  • Carver, R.P. (2000). The Causes of High and Low Reading Achievement. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Charry, L. (1961). Problems in Speed Reading. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 2, pp. 50-58. Abstract, Ketcham1961b.pdf pp. 50-58 (pdf 56-64)
  • Cranney, A. G. (1963). Recent Research in College and Adult Reading. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 25-43. (pdf 30-48). Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 1-10 (pdf 6-15)
  • Cranney, G., Brown, B. L., Hansen, D. M. & Inouye, D. K. (1982). Rate and reading dynamics reconsidered.  Journal of Reading, 25(6), 526-533.
  • Cross, G. D. (1963). Reading Improvement at Firestone. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 49-52. (pdf 54-57). Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 49-52 (pdf 54-57/58)
  • Crowell, R., Gerjuoy, H. & Wendt M. (1963). The University of Toledo "Total Push" Reading Program. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 90-95. (pdf 95-100). Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 90-95 (pdf 95-100)
  • Dearborn, Walter F. (1906). The psychology of reading. Columbia University Contributions to Philosophy, Psychology and Education, Vol, 14, No. 1. (Also listed in Archives of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, No. 4.)
  • Dönges, J. (2013). Legasthenie – Erwachsene profitieren von Schnelllesetraining. Spektrum – Die Woche, 7, 16–17.
  • Dummett, M. & Urbas, R. (1963). An Evaluation of Developmental Reading at West Bend High School. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 111-129. (pdf 116-134). Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 111-129 (pdf 116-134)
  • Dwyer, E. J. & West, R. F. (1994). Effects of Sustained Silent Reading on Reading Rate among College Students. ERIC Doc ED382924. Abstract, pdf
  • Education: Read Faster & Better (1960, August 22). Time Magazine, 76 (8).
  • Feeley, J. T. & Wepner, S. B. (1986). Rate Improvement in College: The Computer vs. Traditional Text. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the College Reading Association (30th, Knoxville, TN). Abstract, pdf
  • Frederick, E. C. (1963). The Reading Improvement Program at Ferris Institute. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 96-100. (pdf 101-105). Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 96-100 (pdf 101-105)
  • Fridian, M. (1961). Developmental reading at Saint Francis College. Journal of Developmental Reading, 5 (1), 63–65.
  • Fujimaki, Norio; Hayakawa, Tomoe; Munetsuna, Shinji; Sasaki Toyofumi (2004). Neural activation dependent on reading speed during covert reading of novels. Neuroreport, 15(2), 239-243.
  • Gibson, E. J. & Levin, H. (1975). The Psychology of Reading. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Graf, Richard G. (1973). Speed Reading: Remember the Tortoise. Psychology Today, vol. 8 (Dec. 1973), 112-13
  • Groeben, N. (1982). Leserpsychologie: Textverständnis – Textverständlichkeit. Münster: Aschendorff.
  • Haberlandt, K. (1989). Readers Differ Both in Reading Speed and in Reading Time Patterns. Paper presented at the 30th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Atlanta, GA. pdf
  • Hastings, W. (1963). A Course in Reading Improvement for Executives. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 130-133. (pdf 135-138). Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 130-133(pdf 135-138)
  • Heftel, D. L. (1961). Gains in reading speed compared with academic aptitude and initial rate. Journal of Developmental Reading, 4 (3), 210–211.
  • Holmqvist, K. & Andersson, B. (2005). Snabbläsning - något för dyslektiker? Dyslexi 10(1), pp. 12-21. pdf
  • Homa, D. (1983). An assessment of two extraordinary speed-readers. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 21, 123-126.
  • Huter, C. (2008). Schnell-Lese-Techniken - Ein Überblick. Institut für Lese- und Medienforschung der Stiftung Lesen.
  • Jackson, M. D., & McClelland, J. L. (1975). Sensory and cognitive determinants of reading speed. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 14, 565-574. Abstract
  • Just, M. A. & Carpenter, P. A. (1987). Speed reading. In M. A. Just & P. A. Carpenter, The psychology of reading and language comprehension (pp. 425-452). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
  • Kato, M., Kuriyama, M., Ueda, K., Sasaki, T., Atsumori, H., Kawaguchi, H. & Konishi, Y. (2005). The Effects of Reading Speed on Visual Search Task. Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, pp1102-1107. p1102.pdf (203 KB)
  • Kato, M., Kuriyama, M., Ueda, K., Sasaki T., Atsumori, H., Kawaguchi, H., & Konishi, Y. (2005). The effects of reading speed on brain activity: a NIRS study. A supplement of the Journal of Cognitive Neurosciences: Cognitive Neuroscience 2005 Annual Meeting, 227. cns2005.pdf (3,3 MB) [offensichtlich nur als “Poster” existent]
  • Kawano, K. & Sasaki, T. (2005). EEGs and other Physiological Changes with Progression of Reading Speed. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS), 23(1), 174-178.
  • Ketcham, Mrs. H. E. (1963). Reading and Study Skills: A Balance. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 60-66. (pdf 65-71). Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 60-66 (pdf 65-71)
  • Köppen, C. (1969). Krimi in 30 Minuten - Eckehardt Wolters lehrt das dynamische Lesen. Hamburger Abendblatt, 10./11.05.1969, No. 108, p8.
  • Kurita, M. (2001). Change in Intellectual and Physiological Functions of 832 Persons Who Learned Kurita's Speed Reading System for Two Days. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS), 19(1), 47-60. Abstract
  • Kurita, M. (2003). Change in the Intellectual and Physiological Functions of 160 Persons Who Studied in the Intermediate Class of Kurita's Speed Reading Course. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS), 21(1), 290-292. U.a.Grafik-ReadingSpeed dasselbe_übersetzt
  • Kurita, M. (2003). Improvement of the Degree of Understanding through a Five-day Class in the Beginning Level of Kurita's Speed Reading Course. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS), 21(2), (JA)466-467, (EN)464-465.
  • Lowe, A. J. (1969). Educated Adult Reading Programs: What's Needed. Paper presented at the 12th annual meeting of the College Reading Association, Boston, Mass. Abstract, pdf
  • Madden, K. (2011). Reading Outside The Box: An Exploration of Alternative Reading Methods. Master´s thesis, National University, UMI 1492959. Abstract, pdf
  • Masson, M.E.J. (1985). Rapid reading processes and skills. Reading Research: Advances in Theory and Practice, 4, 183-230.
  • Maxwell, M. J.; & Mueller, A. C. (1967). Relative effectiveness of techniques and placebo conditions in changing reading rates. Journal of Reading, Dec 1967, 184-191.
  • McLaughlin, G. H. (1969). Reading at impossible speeds. Journal of Reading, 1969, 12, 449-454, 502-510.
  • McNamara, D. S. (1999). A preliminary analysis of photoreading (Project NAG 2-1319). National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Abstract Original-pdf
  • McNamara, D. S. (2001). Speed reading. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (pp. 14887-14890). Oxford: Elsevier Science.
  • Michalsky, O. (2007, 21. Juli). Der große Sturm auf Deathly Hallows. Welt online. Zugriff am 11.09.2015, von http://www.welt.de/1043619
  • Miller, J. H. (1966). Trends in Adult Reading. ERIC Doc ED 015080. Abstract, pdf
  • Morton, J. (1959). An Investigation into the Effects of an Adult Reading Efficiency Course. Occupational Psychology, 33, 222-237.
  • Musch, J. & Rösler, P. (2011). Schnell-Lesen: Was ist die Grenze der menschlichen Lesegeschwindigkeit? In M. Dresler (Ed.), Kognitive Leistungen (pp. 89-106). Heidelberg: Spektrum. books.google.de
  • N.N. (1969). Bildung / Dynamisches Lesen - Wie ein Film. Der Spiegel, 1969, 7, 155-157. Original-Link
  • Nell, V. (1988). The Psychology of Reading for Pleasure: Needs and Gratifications. In: Reading Research Quarterly, 23(1), 6-50.
  • Noah, T. (2000, February 18). The 1,000-Word Dash. Slate. Newsweek Interactive Co. LLC. Retrieved October 25, 2015, from http://www.slate.com/id/74766. Original-Link
  • O'Connor, N.; & Hermelin, B. (1994). Two autistic savant readers. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 24(4), 501-515.  Abstract
  • O'Reilly, R. P. & Walker, J. E. (1990). An Analysis of Reading Rates in College Students. Reading Research and Instruction, 29(2), 1-11.
  • Patterson, H.O. (1965). The Status of Reading Improvement Programs in Industry. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 6, pp. 57-60. Abstract, Ketcham1965.pdf pp. 57-60 (pdf 64-67)
  • Pauk, W. (1968). College Reading Instruction: Past, Present and Future. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 9, pp. 148-154. Abstract, Ketcham1968.pdf pp. 148-154 (pdf 155-161). Als “Paper presented at College Reading Association conference, Knoxville”: Abstract, pdf
  • Pollatsek, A., Raney, G. E., LaGasse, L.,& Rayner, K. (1993). The use of information below fixation in reading and in visual search. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47, 179-200
  • Radach, R., Vorstius, C., Lüttke, T., Friede, A. & Reilly, R. (2015). Eye movements of two extremely fast readers. Poster presented at the 18th European Conference on Eye Movements, Wien, Austria.
  • Radach, R., Vorstius, C. & Reilly, R. (2010). The science of speed reading: Exploring the impact of speed on visuomotor control and comprehension. 18th annual meeting, Society for the Scientific Study of Reading. Berlin, Germany.
  • Rayner, K., & Pollatsek, A. (1989). The psychology of reading. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Rayner, K. (1998). Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 372-422.
  • Rayner, K., Schotter, E. R., Masson, M. E. J., Potter, M. C. & Treiman, R. (2016). So Much to Read, So Little Time: How Do We Read, and Can Speed Reading Help? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 17 (1), 4-34.
  • Rösler, P. (2016). Grundlagen des Schnell-Lesens. Düsseldorf: exclam!. Leseprobe
  • Schale, F. (1969). Gifted rapid readers. Paper presented at North Central Reading Association Conference, Flint, Michigan, October, 1969. Abstract, pdf
  • Schale, F. (1970). Two Gifted Rapid Readers--Preliminary Study. Abstract , pdf
  • Schilling, M. (1987). Rasante Lektüre. Stern, 1987(23), 27.05.1987, pp. 16&18
  • Schnell-Lesen – Ein Zehntel der Zeit (1957, 15. Mai). Der Spiegel, 20, 55. Original-Link 2
  • Schotter, E. R., Tran, R. , Rayner, K. (2014). Don't Believe What You Read (Only Once): Comprehension Is Supported by Regressions During Reading. Psychological Science, 2014 25: 1218 originally published online 18 April 2014. Abstract. [Interessant für Spritz-App]
  • Sidey, H. S. (1964, April 7). John F. Kennedy Library oral history interview.
  • Spache, George D. (1962). Is This a Breakthrough in Reading? The Reading Teacher, vol. 15 (Jan. 1962), 258-62.
  • Steiner, W. (1966). WpM - die Machzahl der Schnell-Leser. DIE ZEIT, Nr. 24, 10. Juni 1966, S. 48. Original-Link
  • Stetson, E. G. (1973). Reading Tests Don't Cheat, Do They? EJ259376. Abstract, pdf
  • Stevens, G. L. (1961). Teaching reading improvement to professional adults. Journal of Developmental Reading, 4 (3), 205–207.
  • Stevens, G.  L. & Orem, R. C. (1963). Characteristic Reading Techniques of Rapid Readers. The Reading Teacher, 17(2), pp. 102-108. ["200 Personen über 1500 wpm". Beschreibt "echte" Schnell-Leser sehr genau. Wichtige Erfahrungsquelle für Schnell-Lese-Trainer.]
  • Sticht, T. G., Beck, L. J., Hauke, R. N., Kleiman, G. M., & James, J. H. (1974). Auding and Reading: A Developmental Model. Alexandria, VA.: Human Resources Research Organization.
  • Stiftung Warentest (2015). Lesetrainings im Test. http://www.test.de/pdf-lesetechniken, zuletzt abgerufen 13.03.2015. [Heftabdruck ist weniger ausführlich als PDF-Datei] Original-audio-Beitrag
  • Svetlik, B. L. (1963). Reading Training in Industry. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 53-59. (pdf 58-64). Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 53-59 (pdf 58-64)
  • Taylor, S. E. (1962). An evaluation of forty-one trainees who had recently completed the “Reading Dynamics” program. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading I; First Annual Yearbook. (North Central Reading Association, St. Paul, Minn.) pp. 51-72. Abstract, Raygor1962.pdf pp. 51-72 (pdf 56-77)
  • Taylor, S. (1965). Eye movements in reading: Facts and fallacies. American Educational Research Journal, 1965, 2, 187-202.
  • Thiele, M. (2010). Speed-reading. Unveröffentlichte Facharbeit im Fach Englisch, Humboldt-Gymnasium Vaterstetten, Kollegstufenjahrgang 2008/2010. Thiele2010.pdf (750 kB)
  • Thompson, M. E. (1985). Dimensions of speed reading: A review of research literature. ED RS (ED 263 530) <Beschaffung steht noch aus>
  • Treffert, D. A. & Christensen, D. D. (2006). Blick in ein Supergedächtnis. In: Spektrum der Wissenschaft, Oktober 2006, pp. 68-73. Artikel über Kim Peek [8 Sek./Seite = ca. 2250 wpm]
  • Underwood, G. & Everatt, J. (1992). The role of eye movements in reading: some limitations of the eye-mind assumption. In: E. Chekaluk an K. R. Llewellyn (eds), The Role of Eye Movements in Perceptual Processes. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Underwood, G. & Batt, V. (1996). Reading and Understanding. Oxford: Blackwell
  • Urquhart, C. (1979). Reading, looking and learning. Journal of Information Science, 1, 6, 333-344.
  • Van Gilder, L. L. (1963). Speed Reading vs. Effective Developmental Reading. In A. L. Raygor (Ed.), College and Adult Reading II; Second Annual Yearbook, pp. 1-10. Abstract, Raygor1963.pdf pp. 1-10 (pdf 6-15)
  • Wallace W. P. (1983). Speed Listening: Exploring an Analogue of Speed Reading. Final Report. ERIC Doc ED 233306. Abstract , pdf
  • Wark, D. M., Raygor, A. L. & Summers, E. G. (1967). Reading rate increase through the mail. Journal of Reading, 10 (6), 393–398.
  • Wepner, S. B. & Feeley, J. T. (1987). College Students' Reading Efficiency with Computer-Presented Text. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Reading Association (32nd, Anaheim, CA). pdf
  • Wilson, R. M. (1965). Effects of a Speed Reading Program for College Students. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 6, pp. 55-57. Abstract, Ketcham1965.pdf pp. 55-57 (pdf 62-64)
  • Wood, E. N. (1960). A Breakthrough in Reading. Reading Teacher, 14, 115-17. html
  • Wood, E. N. (1961). A New Method of Teaching Reading. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 2, pp. 58-61. Abstract, Ketcham1961b.pdf pp. 58-61 (pdf 64-67)
  • Wood, E. N. (1963). Opinions differ on speed-reading. NEA Journal, 64, 44-6 [auf diesen Seiten auch: Ehrlich, E. (1963)]
  • Wozniak, A. (2002). Schnell mal lesen – Optimieren Sie Ihr Lesen. Zugriff am: 24.08.2015, von https://web.archive.org/web/20050510141255/http://www.access.de /german/CareerServices/CareerInformation/article.asp?News_ID=751& POS=NBA
  • Yokoyama, S. (1992). Investigation of “reading” with FFT analysis of the beta waves in EEG during “rapid-reading”. Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi (Journal of Nippon Medical School), 59(3), 30-42. [Japanese]

Publikationen zur Messung des Leseverständnisses:

  • Anderson, R. C. (1972). How to construct achievement tests to assess comprehension. Review of Educational Research, 42, 145-170.
  • Berk, R.A. (1979). The Relative Merits of Item Transformations and the Cloze Procedure for the Measurement of Reading Comprehension. Journal of Reading Behavior, 11(2), 129-138.
  • Carver, R.P. (1970). Analysis of "Chunked" Test Items as Measures of Reading and Listening Comprension. Journal of Educational Measurement, 7, 3, 141-150.
  • Carver, R.P. (1970). Effect of a "Chunked" Typography on Reading Rate and Comprehension. Journal of Applied Psychology, 54, 288-296.
  • Carver, R.P. (1971). A Computer Model of Reading and Its Implications for Measurement and Research. Reading Research Quarterly, 6, 4, 449-471.
  • Carver, R.P. & Darby, C.A. (1971). Development and Evaluation of a Test of Information Storage during Reading. Journal of Educational Measurement, 8, 1, 33-44.
  • Carver, R.P. (1972). A Critical Review of Mathemagenic Behaviors and the Effect of Questions upon the Retention of Prose Materials. Journal of Reading Behavior, 4, 93-119.
  • Carver, R.P. & Darby, C.A. (1972). Analysis of the Chunked Reading Test and Reading Comprehension. Journal of Reading Behavior, 5(4), 282-296.
  • Carver, R.P. (1973). Understanding, Information Processing and Learning from Prose Materials. Journal of Educational Psychology, 64, 1, 76-84.
  • Carver, R.P. (1973). Effect of Increasing the Rate of Speech Presentation upon Comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 65(1), 118-26.
  • Carver, R.P. (1974). Two Dimensions of Tests: Psychometric and Edumetric. American Psychologist, 29, 512-518.
  • Carver, R.P. (1974). Measuring the Primary Effect of Reading: Reading-Storage Technique, Understanding judgments, and Cloze. Journal of Reading Behavior, 6(3), 249-274.
  • Carver, R.P. (1975). Comparing the Reading-Storage Test to the Paraphrase Test as Measures of the Primary Effect of Prose Reading. Journal of Educational Psychology, 67(2), 274-284.
  • Carver, R.P. (1975). Further Research on the Reading-Storage Test as a Measure of Gain during Reading. Journal of Reading Behavior, 7(4), 401-414.
  • Carver, R.P. (1975). Measuring Prose Difficulty using the Rauding Scale.  Reading Research Quarterly, 11(4), 660-685.
  • Carver, R.P. (1975). Revised Procedures for Developing Reading-Input Materials and Reading-Storage Tests. Journal of Reading Behavior, 7(2), 155-172.
  • Carver, R.P. (1975). Designing Reading Rate Research. In M. C. McNinch & W. D. Miller (Eds.), Yearbook of the National Reading Conference, 24, 241-245. McNinch1975.pdf pp. 241-245 (pdf 253-257)
  • Carver, R.P. (1976). Word Length, Prose Difficulty, and Reading Rate. Journal of Reading Behavior, 8(2), 193-203.
  • Carver, R.P. (1977). Another Look at Rauding Theory. Reading Research Quarterly, 13(1), 116-132.
  • Carver, R.P. (1977). Measuring Reading Comprehension using the Paraphrase Test and the Reading-Storage Test. Journal of Reading Behavior, 9(4), 381-389.
  • Carver, R.P. (1977). Toward a Theory of Reading Comprehension and Rauding. Reading Research Quarterly, 13(1), 8-63.
  • Carver, R.P. (1982). Optimal Rate of Reading Prose. Reading Research Quarterly, 18(1), 56-88.
  • Carver, R.P. (1983). Is Reading Rate Constant or Flexible? Reading Research Quarterly, 18(2), 190-215.
  • Carver, R.P. (1985). Measuring Readability using DRP Units. Journal of Reading Behavior, 17(4), 303-316.
  • Carver, R.P. (1985). Measuring Absolute Amounts of Reading Comprehension Using the Rauding Rescaling Procedure. Journal of Reading Behavior, 17, 29-53.
  • Carver, R. P. (1990). Predicting accuracy of comprehension from the relative difficulty of material. Learning and Individual Differences, 2, 405–422.
  • Carver, R.P. (1992). Effect of Prediction Activities, Prior Knowledge, and Text Type upon Amount Comprehended: Using Rauding Theory to Critique Schema Theory Research. Reading Research Quarterly, 27 (2), 164-174.
  • Carver, R. P. (1992). Reading rate: Theory, research, and practical implications. Journal of Reading, 36 (2), 84-95.
  • Carver, R.P. (1992). What Do Standardized Tests of Reading Comprehension Measure in Terms of Efficiency, Accuracy, and Rate? Reading Research Quarterly, 27(4), 346-359.
  • Carver, R.P. (1993). Merging the Simple View of Reading with Rauding Theory. Journal of Reading Behavior, 25(4), 439-455.
  • Carver, R.P. (1997). Reading for One Second, One Minute, or One Year from the Perspective of Rauding Theory. Scientific Studies of Reading, 1(1), 3-43.
  • Carver, R.P. & Clark, S.W. (1998). Investigating Reading Disabilities using the Rauding Diagnostic System. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 31(5), 453-471, 481.
  • Carver, R. P. & David, A. H. (2001). Investigating Reading Achievement Using a Causal Model. Scientific Studies of Reading, 5 (2), 107–140.
  • Christmann, U. (2002). Methoden der Verstehens- und Verständlichkeitserhebung. Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik, 128, 76-97.
  • Finn, P.J. (1975). A Question Writing Algorithm. Journal of Reading Behavior, 7(4), 341-367.
  • Magliano, J. P., Millis, K. K., Ozuru, Y., & McNamara, D.S. (2007). A Multidimensional Framework to Evaluate Reading Assessment Tools. In: D. S. McNamara (Ed.), Reading Comprehension Strategies: Theories, Interventions, and Technologies. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum., pp. 107-136.
  • N.N. Theory and Research Supporting CART. Carver Learning Systems. Original-pdf
  • Rost, D.H. (1989). Reading comprehension: Skill or skills? Journal of Research in Reading, 12, 87-113.
  • Rost, D.H. & Hartmann, A.(1992). Lesen, Hören, Verstehen. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 200, 345-361.
  • Rost, D.H. (1993). Assessing different components of reading comprehension: Fact or fiction? Language Testing, 10, 79–92.
  • Rost, D.H. & Sparfeldt, J. R. (2007). Leseverständnis ohne Lesen? Zur Konstruktvalidität von multiple-choice-Leseverständnistestaufgaben. Zeitschrift für Pädagogische Psychologie, 21, 305-314.
  • Schneider, W., Schlagmüller, M. & Ennemoser, M. (2007). Lesegeschwindigkeits- und Verständnistest für die Klassen 6-12 (LGVT 6-12). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Weitere Publikationen zum Thema Leseforschung:

  • Anderson, G. (1968). Behavioral Research in Reading--Implicit Speech. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 9, pp. 96-100. Abstract, Ketcham1968.pdf pp. 96-100 (pdf 103-107)
  • Anstis, S. M. (1998). Picturing peripheral acuity. Perception, 27, 817- 825. Original-pdf
  • Biedert, R.; Buscher, G. & Dengel, A. (2010). The eyeBook -- Using Eye Tracking to Enhance the Reading Experience. Informatik-Spektrum, 33(3), 272-281.
  • Bos, K. P. van den; Zijlstra, B. J. H.; & Lutje Spelberg, H. C. (2002). Life-Span Data on Continuous-Naming Speeds of Numbers, Letters, Colors, and Pictured Objects, and Word-Reading Speed. Scientific Studies of Reading, 6(1), 25-49.
  • Breznitz, Z.; & Share, D.L. (1992). Effects of Accelerated Reading Rate on Memory for Text. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84(2), 193-199.
  • Breznitz, Z. (1997). Reading rate acceleration: developmental aspects. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 158(4), 427-441.
  • Bretznitz, Z.; & Leikin, M. (2001). Effects of Accelerated Reading Rate on Processing Words' Syntactic Functions by Normal and Dyslexic Readers: Event Related Potentials Evidence. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 162(3), 276-296.
  • Breznitz, Z.; & Berman, L. (2003). The Underlying Factors of Word Reading Rate. Educational Psychology Review, 15(3), 247-265.
  • Bridges, L.H. (1941). Speed versus Comprehension in Elementary Reading. Journal of Educational Psychology, XXXII (April 1941), 314-320.
  • Dehaene, S. (2009). Reading in the Brain. Penguin Viking, 2009. Overview and color figures.
    In German: Dehaene, S. (2010). Lesen: Die größte Erfindung der Menschheit und was dabei in unseren Köpfen passiert. Knaus, 2010.
  • Doehring, D. G. (1976). Acquisition of Rapid Reading Responses. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 41 (2), 1–54.
  • Dyson, M.C.; & Haselgrove, M. (2000). The effects of reading speed and reading patterns on the understanding of text read from screen.  Journal of Research in Reading, 2000, 23(2), 210-223.
  • Everatt, J. & Underwood, G. (1992). Parafoveal guidance and priming effects during reading: A special case of the mind being ahead of the eyes. Consciousness and Cognition, 1, 186-197.
  • Hunziker, H.-W. (2006). Im Auge des Lesers: vom Buchstabieren zur Lesefreude; foveale und periphere Wahrnehmung. Zürich: transmedia verlag Stäubli Verlag AG.
  • Inhoff, A. W. & Briihl, D. (1991). Semantic processing of unattended text during selective reading: How the eyes see it. Perception & Psychophysics, 49, 289–294.
  • Inhoff, A. W. & Topolski, R. (1992). Lack of semantic activation from unattended text during passage reading. Bulletin of the Psychonomics Society, 30, 365–366.
  • Johnson, R. L.; Perea, M.; Rayner, K. (2007). Transposed-Letter Effects in Reading: Evidence From Eye Movements and Parafoveal Preview. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 2007 Feb Vol 33(1) pp. 209-229.
  • Jordan, T. R., Almabruk, A. A. A., Gadalla, E. M., McGowan, V. A., White, S. J., Abedipour, L. & Paterson K. B. (2014). Reading direction and the central perceptual span: Evidence from Arabic and English. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21, 505-511.
  • Just, M. A. & Carpenter, P. A. (1980). A theory of reading: From eye fixations to comprehension. Psychological Review, 87 (4), 329–354.
  • Karni, A.; Morocz, I.A.; Bitan, T.; Shaul, S.; Kushnir, T.; & Breznitz, Z. (2005). An fMRI study of the differential effects of word presentation rates (reading acceleration) on dyslexic readers' brain activity patterns. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 18(2), 197-219.
  • Keenan, J. M.; & Brown, P. (1984). Children's Reading Rate and Retention as a Function of the Number of Propositions in a Text. Child Development, 55(4), 1556-1569.
  • Levi, D. M., Song, S. & Pelli, D. G. (2007). Amblyopic reading is crowded. Journal of Vision, 7(2):21, 1-17.
  • Lowe, A. J. (1966). Surveys of College Reading Improvement Programs--1929-1966. ERIC Doc ED 011230. Abstract, pdf
  • McConkie, G. W. & Rayner, K. (1975). The span of the effective stimulus during a fixation in reading. Perception & Psychophysics, 17, 578-586.
  • McLaughlin, G. H. (1969). SMOG Grading–a New Readability Formula. Journal of Reading, May 1969, 639–646.
  • Mechsner, F. (1991). Was passiert beim Lesen? In: SZ Magazin 11.10.1991, 12-21.
  • Miellet, S., O’Donnell, P. J. & Sereno, S. C. (2009). Parafoveal magnification: Visual acuity does not modulate the perceptual span in reading. Psychological Science, 20 (6), 721–728.
  • Nielsen, J. (2010). IPad and Kindle reading speeds. <http://www.nngroup.com/articles/ipad-and-kindle-reading-speeds/>. Posted on 2/07/2010.
  • Orr, D. B. (1966). Recent Research on Reading and the Comprehension of Time-Compressed Speech. In: C. A. Ketcham (Ed.), Proceedings of the College Reading Association, 7, pp. 79-84. Abstract, Ketcham1966.pdf pp. 79-84 (pdf 84-89)
  • Paulson, E. J. & Goodman, K. S. (1999). Influential studies in eye-movement research. Reading Online. www.readingonline.org/research/eyemove.html  
  • Pellegrino, F., Coupé, C. & Marsico, E. (2011). Across-language perspective on speech information rate. Language, 87 (3), 539–558.
  • Pelli, D. G., Tillman, K. A., Freeman, J., Su, M., Berger, T. D., & Majaj, N. J. (2007). Crowding and eccentricity determine reading rate. Journal of Vision, 7(2):20, 1-36.
  • Pollatsek, A., Bolozky, S., Well, A. D. & Rayner, K. (1981). Asymmetries in the perceptual span for Israeli readers. Brain and Language, 14, 174–180.
  • Pollatsek, A., Reichle, E.D., & Rayner, K. (2006). Tests of the E-Z Reader model: Exploring the interface between cognition and eye-movement control. Cognitive Psychology, 52, 1-56.
  • Radach, R. & Kennedy, A. (2004). Theoretical perspectives on eye movements in reading: past controversies, current deficits and an agenda for future research. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 16, 3-26
  • Rasinski, T. V. (1999). Exploring a method for estimating independent, instructional, and frustration reading rates. Journal of Reading Psychology, 20(1), 61-69.
  • Rayner, K., Sereno, S. C., & Raney, G. E. (1996). Eye movement control in reading: a comparison of two types of models. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22(5), 1188-1200.
  • Rayner, K., Liversedge, S. P., White, S. & Vergilino-Perez, D. (2003). Reading Disappearing Text: Cognitive Control of Eye Movements. Psychological Science, 14(4), 385-388.
  • Rayner, K., Juhasz, B.J. & Brown, S.J. (2007). Do readers obtain preview benefit from word N + 2? A test of serial attention shift versus distributed lexical processing models of eye movement control in reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 33, 230-245
  • Rubin, G.S.; Turano, K. (1992). Reading without saccadic eye movements. Vision Research, 32, 895-902. Abstract
  • Rayner, K., Slattery, T. J. & Bélanger, N. N. (2010). Eye movements, the perceptual span, and reading speed. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17 (6), 834–839.
  • Schroth, V. (2003). Der WS Lesetest. Ergotherapie und Rehabilitation, 11/2003, pp 13-20. Idstein: Schulz-Kirchner Verlag.
  • Shergill, S. S., Brammer, M. J., Fukuda, R., Bullmore, E., Amaro, E. Jr, Murray, R. M. et al. (2002). Modulation of activity in temporal cortex during generation of inner speech. Human Brain Mapping, 16 (4), 219–227.
  • Smeik, P. (2009). Silbenanalyse. In W. Moers (Hrsg.), Die Stadt der Träumenden Bücher (S. 109). München, Piper.
  • Snyder, L.; Caccamise, D. & Wise, B. (2005). The Assessment of Reading Comprehension: Considerations and Cautions. Topics in Language Disorders, 25(1), 33-50.
  • Solso, R. L. (2005). Kognitive Psychologie. Heidelberg: Springer
  • Starr, M. & Rayner, K. (2001). Eye movements during reading: Some Current controversies. Trends in Cognitive Science, 5, (4) , 156-163.
  • Strasburger, H. & Rentschler, I. (1996). Contrast-dependent Dissociation of Visual Recognition and Detection Fields. European Journal of Neuroscience, 8, 1787-1791.
  • Strasburger, H. (2005). Unfocussed spatial attention underlies the crowding effect in indirect form vision. Journal of Vision, 5(11):8, 1024-1037.
  • Strasburger, H. & Rentschler, I. (2007). Pattern recognition in direct and indirect view. In: Osaka, N., Rentschler, I. & Biederman. I. (Eds.), Object Recognition, Attention, and Action, (pp. 41-54). Tokyo: Springer.
  • Sun, F., Morita, M. & Stark, L. W. (1985). Comparative patterns of reading eye movement in Chinese and English. Perception and Psychophysics, 37, 502–506.
  • Trauzettel-Klosinski, S. (2011). Current methods of visual rehabilitation. Dtsch Arztebl Int 2011; 108(51–52): 871–8.
  • Underwood, G. (1985). Information Processing in Skilled Readers. Reading Research: Advances in Theory and Practice, 4, 139-181.
  • Underwood, G.; Hubbard, A.; & Wilkinson, H. (1990). Eye fixations predict reading comprehension: the relationships between reading skill, reading speed, and visual inspection. Language and Speech, 33(1), 69-81.
  • Wade, N. J. & Tatler, B. W. (2009). Did Javal measure eye movements during reading? Journal of Eye Movement Research, 2(5):5, 1-7.
  • Wise, R. J. S, Greene, J., Büchel, C. & Scott, S. K. (1999). Brain regions involved in articulation. Lancet 353, 1057–1061.
  • Wittmann, M. & Pöppel, E. (1999). Neurobiologie des Lesens. In: B. Franzmann (Ed.), Handbuch Lesen, München 1999, pp. 224-236.
  • Wolf, M. (2007). Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain. Harper, 2007.
    In German: Wolf, M. (2009). Das lesende Gehirn: Wie der Mensch zum Lesen kam - und was es in unseren Köpfen bewirkt. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, 2009.

 


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